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2018美国留学必须收藏!新SAT考试常见形近词辨析
发布时间:2017-05-09 18:07:47
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2018年美国留学申请季即将开启,对于想去美国读大学的同学来说,现在就应该仔细备考新SAT考试了。本文中域留学君主要跟大家分析新SAT考试常见形近词及辨析,希望能对你的新SAT考试高分之路带来助力。

由于新SAT考试最基础也是最难的就是词汇积累,对考生SAT词汇的要求基本上要达到10000以上,本文中域留学君(微信:留学全世界)为大家整理了近5年来新SAT考试15组常见形近词辨析,希望对你的考试有所帮助。

1. averse vs. adverse

averse : not liking sth; opposed to sth 不喜欢某事物;反对某事物 E.g. He seems to be averse to hard work.

adverse: not favorable; contrary; hostile 敌对的,反对的,不利的 E.g. His health was adversely affected by the climate.

2. adversity vs. adversary

adversity: trouble; unfortunate event 不幸,灾祸 E.g. Mary faces adversity with courage.

adversary: opponent; enemy 对手,敌人 E.g. He defeated his old adversary in the election.

其实第12组词是经常被混淆的四个单词,我们将这两两组合进行对比,会给掌握单词带来更高的精准度。

3. antipathy vs. apathy

antipathy: strong or deep dislike 反感;厌恶;憎恶 E.g. He showed a marked antipathy to foreigners.

apathy: lack of interest; indifference 缺乏兴趣;漠不关心 E.g. My parents do not feel apathy about the election.

这一组词留学党不妨用词根词缀法来区分,path-作为词根是“情感”的意思,anti-作为前缀是“相反、对抗”,而a-是“不、无、非”的意思,相关单词比如sympathy, empathy等。

4. derivederivative vs.deridederisive

derive: originate from sth; get sth from sth 源自,源于;得到获取 E.g. Thousands of English words derive from Latin.

deride: mock sb/sth 嘲笑,嘲弄 E.g. They derided his effort as childish.

derisive出现在阅读中经常被当做是derive的形容词性理解,其实是deride的形容词,意思为“嘲笑的,嘲弄的”,例如derisive laughter

5.exhausted vs. exhaustive

exhausted: very tired 精疲力尽的 E.g. After a ten-mile hike, everybody is exhausted.

exhaustive: very thorough; complete 详尽的;彻底的 E.g. Police make an exhaustive research.

6. imprudent vs. impudent

imprudent: not wise or discreet不智的;不谨慎的;轻率的 E.g. It would be imprudent (of you) to resign from your present jobbefore you are offered another.

impudent: very rude and disrespectful 粗鲁的;放肆的;无礼的;不尊重的 E.g. Tom is an impudent child who never listens to his parents.

如果你事先掌握了prudent这个单词(本身就是“谨慎的,审慎的”意思),然后在其加上im-这个表否定含义的前缀,又掌握了新词汇不说,意思也很容易得出。

7. callow vs. callous

callow: immature and inexperienced 既不成熟又无经验的;乳臭未乾的

callous: cruelly insensitive or unsympathetic 冷酷无情的;无同情心的

8. congenial vs. congenital

congenial: (of people) pleasing because of similarities in temperament, interests, etc ; agreeable(指人)(因性情、志趣等相近)彼此合得来的,意气相投的;适合自己性格的

E.g. I find this aspect of my job particularly congenial.

congenital: (of diseases, etc) present from or before birth (指疾病等)天生的,先天的 E.g. We should not deride people who have congenital defects.

9. intelligent vs. intelligible

intelligent: smart, educated 聪明的,智能的,智力的

intelligible: that can be (easily) understood ()理解的 E.g. Thats totally a muddled explanation which was scarcely intelligible.

10. impassive vs. impassioned

impassive: showing no sign of feeling 无表情的,无动于衷的 E.g. The accused sat impassively as the judge sentenced him to ten years in prison.

impassioned: showing strong deep feeling 充满激情的;热烈的 E.g. He made an impassioned plea for mercy.

同第3组词相似的地方是这组词里含有pass-表“情感”含义的词根,im-表“不无、非”,所以impassive就是“无表情的,无动于衷的”意思。而后者中含有的“passion”其本身就是“激情,热情”的意思。

11. adapt vs. adept

adapt: make sth suitable for a new use, situation, etc; modify sth 使某事物适合於新的用途﹑情况等;修改某事物

E.g. These styles can be adapted to suit individual tastes.

adept: expert or skilful in (doing) sth ()某事物内行的,熟练的 E.g. Shes adept at growing roses.

这一组词中adapt也经常容易与adopt混淆,adopt意思为“采纳,收养”。

12. indigent vs. indigenous

indigent : poor 贫穷

indigenous: native 土生土长的,当地的 E.g. Kangaroos are indigenous to Australia.

13. presumptive vs. presumptuous

presumptive: based on reasonable belief; probable基于合理之推测的;可能的

E.g. It is absurd that he was sentenced to death based on presumptiveevidence.

presumptuous: too bold or self-confident 胆大妄为的,专横的

E.g. Would it be presumptuous of me to ask you to contribute?

14. ingenious vs. ingenuous

ingenious: (of a person) clever at finding new or simple solutions for complex problems; original in design(指人)善于用新的或简单的方法解决复杂问题的;设计独特精巧的

E.g. So you fitted that wire through that little hole there: that's very in genious!

ingenuous: open, innocent 坦率的,不隐瞒的,天真的 E.g. That kid gives me an ingenuous smile.

这一组词,建议利用另外两个单词帮助记忆:geniusgenuine。前者为“天才”后者为“真的,真诚的,非人造的”。ingenious从发音和词形上与genius相近,而ingenuous genuine 相近。

15. discreet vs. discrete

discrete: separate; distinct 分离的;截然分开的 E.g. Those are a series of discrete events.

discreet: careful or showing good judgment in what one says or does; not too obvious 言谈举止谨慎的;言行审慎的;不显眼的

E.g. I should make a few discreet enquirers about the firm before you sign anything.

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